Nicotine withdrawal

Signs and Symptoms of Nicotine Withdrawal

  • Cravings for nicotine
  • Anger or irritability
  • Anxiety
  • Depression
  • Impatience

Definition and Characteristics of Nicotine Withdrawal

  • Effects experienced after discontinuing or decreasing nicotine use
  • Nicotine is an addictive substance found in tobacco and tobacco products
  • Symptoms appear 2-3 hours after last nicotine intake
  • Withdrawal is most common and intense in cigarette smokers
  • Cravings can persist for years in some individuals

Causes of Nicotine Withdrawal

  • Nicotine binds to nicotinic receptors in the brain, causing an increase in dopamine
  • Physical dependence on nicotine leads to withdrawal symptoms
  • Other receptors, such as opiate, serotonergic, glutamic, cannabinoid, and corticotrophin receptors, may also play a role
  • Environmental cues associated with smoking can trigger withdrawal symptoms
  • Changes in levels of various medications may be required during nicotine cessation

Treatment Options for Nicotine Withdrawal

  • Gradually reducing nicotine intake
  • Nicotine replacement therapy
  • Pharmacological treatment (bupropion, varenicline, cytisine, nortriptyline, clonidine)
  • Cognitive behavioral therapy
  • Increased exercise and behavior changes can also help reduce withdrawal symptoms

Epidemiology and Factors Influencing Nicotine Withdrawal

  • Most nicotine users experience withdrawal symptoms when attempting to quit
  • Symptoms are milder in isolated nicotine users compared to tobacco users
  • Heavier users and those with a psychiatric disorder tend to have more severe withdrawal
  • Genetics can influence the severity of withdrawal
  • Quit smoking programs can improve the success of quitting and managing withdrawal symptoms

Nicotine withdrawal Mentions

Nicotine withdrawal Data Sources

Reference URL
Knowledge Graph