Grocery store

Definition and Classification of Grocery Stores

  • A grocery store is a foodservice retail store that sells a general range of food products, both fresh and packaged.
  • The term 'grocery store' is often used interchangeably with 'supermarket' in the US.
  • In the UK, grocery stores are referred to as grocers or grocery shops.
  • Larger grocery stores, such as supermarkets and hypermarkets, also stock non-food products.
  • Specialty grocery stores include greengrocers and convenience shops or delicatessens.
  • In the US, a grocery store is officially defined as a store that sells food and household supplies.
  • Supermarkets and other grocery stores are categorized under NAICS code 455110.
  • In the UK, larger grocery stores are referred to as supermarkets.
  • The UK government categorizes stores based on their size, including one-stop shops, mid-range stores, and convenience stores.
  • In India, the majority of food and grocery sales occur in small grocery stores called kiranas.

History and Evolution of Grocery Stores

  • The term 'grocer' originated in the 14th century and referred to a dealer in dry goods.
  • Early grocery stores gradually expanded to include a wide range of food items.
  • The first self-service grocery store, Piggly Wiggly, was opened in 1916 in Memphis, Tennessee.
  • Supermarkets and large grocery stores led to the need for smaller stores to differentiate themselves.
  • The grocery industry has seen a trend towards larger stores serving larger geographic areas, leading to consolidation and the entry of variety stores into rural areas.

Types of Grocery Stores

  • Traditional grocery stores offer a full line of groceries, meat, and produce.
  • Fresh format stores emphasize perishables and offer unique assortments.
  • Limited-assortment stores are low-priced stores with a limited selection of items.
  • Super warehouse stores are a hybrid of traditional supermarket and warehouse store.
  • Non-traditional grocery stores include wholesale clubs, supercenters, dollar stores, drug stores, mass merchandisers, and military commissaries.
  • Small format grocery stores include neighborhood grocery stores, convenience stores, delicatessen stores, greengrocers, and ethnic markets.
  • Health food stores primarily sell health foods, organic foods, and local produce.
  • Online grocery stores are e-commerce platforms for ordering food and consumables.
  • International grocery stores focus on specific cuisines or cultural products.

Market Size and Trends

  • Ethnic grocery stores make up a significant portion of supermarket sales in the US.
  • Health food stores became more common in the 1960s with the ecology movement.
  • Online grocery stores are a growing trend in e-commerce for food and consumables.
  • Convenience stores serve as convenient supplements to larger shops.
  • Traditional grocery stores vary in size and offerings, but generally offer a full range of groceries.

Regional Variations

  • Larger grocer complexes with additional facilities like petrol stations are common in the UK.
  • Traditional shops in Europe are still found in rural areas but are disappearing rapidly.
  • South America has seen significant growth in grocery stores, with chains like Cencosud, Walmart, and Falabella dominating the market.
  • Puerto Rico has popular grocery stores like Pueblo Supermarkets and Amigo.
  • In North America, grocery stores evolved from trading posts and general stores, with a mix of larger chains and independent stores.

Grocery store Data Sources

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