Introduction to Medicine

  • Etymology: Medicine is derived from the Latin word 'medicus,' meaning a physician.
  • Definition: Medicine refers to the science and practice of the diagnosis, prognosis, treatment, and prevention of disease.

Clinical Practice

  • Regional Differences: Medical availability and clinical practice vary across the world due to regional differences in culture and technology.
  • Western Medicine: Modern scientific medicine is highly developed in the Western world.
  • Traditional Medicine: Developing countries may rely more heavily on traditional medicine with limited evidence and efficacy.
  • Evidence-Based Medicine: Evidence-based medicine is not universally used in clinical practice.
  • Lack of Evidence: A significant percentage of interventions lack sufficient evidence to support their benefit or harm.

Doctor-Patient Relationship

  • Assessment: Physicians and physician assistants personally assess patients to diagnose, prognose, treat, and prevent disease.
  • Interaction: The doctor-patient relationship begins with an interaction, medical history, and medical record examination.
  • Diagnostic Tools: Basic diagnostic medical devices are typically used in the physical examination.
  • Medical Orders: Medical tests, biopsies, and pharmaceutical drugs may be ordered or prescribed.
  • Communication: Properly informing the patient of all relevant facts is crucial for trust and relationship development.

Components of the Medical Interview and Encounter

  • Chief Complaint: The reason for the current medical visit.
  • Current Activity: Occupation, hobbies, what the patient actually does.
  • Family History: Listing of diseases in the family that may impact the patient.
  • History of Present Illness: Chronological order of events of symptoms.
  • Medications: Drugs the patient takes, including prescribed, over-the-counter, and alternative medicines.

Physical Examination

  • Examination Techniques: The physical examination is the examination of the patient for medical signs of disease, using sight, hearing, touch, and smell.
  • Examination Process: The basis of physical examination includes inspection, palpation, percussion, and auscultation.
  • Body Systems: The clinical examination involves the study of various body systems.
  • Vital Signs: Vital signs, such as height, weight, body temperature, blood pressure, pulse, respiration rate, and hemoglobin oxygen saturation, are assessed.

Medicine Mentions

Medicine Data Sources

Reference URL
Knowledge Graph