Pathogens transmitted via ingestion

  • Pathogens transmitted through ingestion include viruses, bacteria, and parasites.
  • The faecal-oral route is the most common transmission route for these pathogens.
  • Contaminated drinking water or food prepared by unhygienic workers can lead to ingestion of pathogens.
  • Examples of diseases transmitted through the faecal-oral route include hepatitis A, polio, and cholera.
  • Some pathogens can be ingested through other routes, such as the larvae of the parasite Trichinella being transmitted through eating infected flesh.

Ingestion of foreign objects

  • Disk batteries, also known as button cells, are often accidentally ingested.
  • Children and the elderly are particularly prone to swallowing these batteries.
  • Battery ingestion can cause medical issues such as blocked airway, vomiting, and skin rash.
  • Mistaking batteries for medication pills or accidental swallowing during battery replacement can lead to ingestion.
  • Nickel metal allergy can also result from battery ingestion.

Abnormal ingestion behaviors

  • Pica is an abnormal appetite for non-nutritive objects or unconventional food items.
  • Coprophagia is the consumption of feces, which is common in some animals.
  • Pica can involve ingesting substances like flour that are not normally eaten.
  • Abnormal ingestive behaviors like coprophagia and pica are considered abnormal eating habits.
  • These behaviors are more prevalent in certain animals and may indicate underlying health issues.

Diseases caused by specific pathogens

  • Trichinellosis is a disease caused by the parasite Trichinella.
  • Dracunculiasis is a disease caused by the parasite Dracunculus.
  • Salmonella is a bacterium that commonly infects humans through the consumption of undercooked eggs.
  • Estimates show the number of illnesses caused by Salmonella Enteritidis in eggs in the United States.

Ingestion Data Sources

Reference URL
Knowledge Graph