Definition and History of Health

  • Health is a state of complete physical, mental, and social well-being.
  • The World Health Organization (WHO) proposed this definition in 1948.
  • Early definitions of health focused on the body's ability to function.
  • The WHO proposed a definition in 1948 that linked health to well-being.
  • The definition was criticized for being vague and not measurable.
  • The health promotion movement in the 1980s brought a new conception of health as a resource for living.
  • Health refers to the ability to maintain homeostasis and recover from adverse events.

Determinants of Health

  • The main determinants of health include social and economic environment, physical environment, and individual characteristics and behaviors.
  • Factors that influence health include education, employment, income, physical and social environments, social support networks, biology and genetics, culture, gender, health care services, healthy child development, and personal health practices.
  • Studies examine linkages between health and factors such as lifestyles, environments, health care organization, and health policy.
  • The Lalonde report identified three interdependent fields as key determinants of health: biomedical, lifestyle, and environment.

Healthy People Program

  • The federal Healthy People Program aims to improve population health in the United States.
  • A new version of Healthy People is issued each decade with updated goals and objectives.
  • Progress has been limited in achieving objectives, raising concerns about effectiveness.
  • Healthy People 2020 focuses on health promotion, preventive approaches, and addressing social determinants of health.
  • The program now has an expanded digital interface for ease of use and dissemination.

Impact of Stress on Health

  • High levels of stress can affect human health.
  • Stress is known to influence the health status of individuals.
  • Stress can impact mental, intellectual, emotional, and social health.
  • Stress can affect a person's ability to handle stress, acquire skills, and maintain relationships.
  • Stress is a factor that needs to be considered in promoting and maintaining good health.

Factors Influencing Health

  • Genetic make-up influences physical and mental health.
  • Environmental factors, such as air and water quality, impact health.
  • Lifestyle choices, like exercise and sleep, contribute to overall well-being.
  • The Ottawa Charter for Health Promotion emphasizes the importance of social and personal resources.
  • The built environment and access to recreational spaces affect health.
  • Inherited traits can predispose individuals to certain diseases and conditions.
  • Habits and behaviors developed through family lifestyle also impact health.
  • Coping with stress can be influenced by genetics.
  • Obesity is a significant problem in the US, affecting mental health and causing stress.
  • Interactions between genetics and environment play a role in health.

Health Mentions

Health Data Sources

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