Anatomy of the Throat

  • The throat is the front part of the neck, located in front of the vertebrae.
  • It contains the pharynx, larynx, epiglottis, and various blood vessels and muscles.
  • Mammal throats consist of the hyoid bone and clavicle.
  • The throat is connected to the mouth, nose, and ears.
  • The pharynx allows for speech and the passage of food and liquid.

Functions of the Throat

  • The throat works with the mouth, ears, and nose.
  • The pharynx connects to the mouth for speech and food passage.
  • The throat is connected to the nose through the nasopharynx.
  • The Eustachian tube connects the throat to the ear.
  • The trachea carries inhaled air to the lungs, while the esophagus carries food to the stomach.

Structures in the Throat

  • Adenoids and tonsils are composed of lymph tissue and help prevent infection.
  • The larynx contains vocal cords and the epiglottis, which prevents inhalation of food and liquid.
  • The subglottic larynx is the narrowest section of the upper throat in children.
  • The jugulum, located slightly above the breast, is a low part of the throat.
  • The internal and external jugular veins pass through the jugulum.

Importance of the Throat

  • The throat is essential for speech production.
  • It plays a crucial role in swallowing and digestion.
  • The epiglottis prevents food and liquid from entering the lungs.
  • The tonsils and adenoids help protect against infection.
  • The throat is connected to the respiratory and digestive systems.


  • Encyclopedia Britannica provides information on the pharynx, larynx, Eustachian tube, and esophagus.
  • Children's Hospital of Philadelphia offers insights into throat anatomy and physiology.
  • A journal article discusses laryngeal stenosis, a condition affecting the throat.
  • Dorlands Medical Dictionary provides definitions of terms related to the throat.
  • Farlex dictionary references Websters Revised Unabridged Dictionary for further information.

Throat Data Sources

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