Etymology and Definitions

  • The word 'research' is derived from the Middle French 'recherche', meaning to go about seeking.
  • The term itself is derived from the Old French term 'recerchier', a compound word from re- + cerchier, or sercher, meaning search.
  • The earliest recorded use of the term was in 1577.
  • Research is searching for knowledge and truth.
  • In a formal sense, it is a systematic study of a problem attacked by a deliberately chosen strategy.
  • It involves designing research hypotheses, choosing methods and techniques, collecting and processing data, and presenting solutions.
  • John W. Creswell defines research as a process of collecting and analyzing information to increase understanding.
  • The Merriam-Webster Online Dictionary defines research as studious inquiry or examination, investigation, or experimentation aimed at discovery and interpretation of facts.

Forms of Research

  • Scientific research
  • Humanities research
  • Artistic research
  • Economic research
  • Social research

Original Research

  • Original research is the primary form of research.
  • It involves conducting new studies or experiments.
  • It aims to generate new knowledge and contribute to existing literature.
  • Original research requires rigorous methodology and data collection.
  • It often involves peer review and publication in academic journals.


  • A researcher is a person engaged in conducting research.
  • They may have a formal job title or be recognized as an occupation.
  • Social researchers require knowledge in social sciences.
  • Natural science researchers require knowledge in fields such as physics, chemistry, and biology.
  • Professional associations provide opportunities for growth in the research profession.

Research Data Sources

Reference URL
Knowledge Graph